Transport of Animals

All persons who take animals on a journey, whatever the length, should always apply the following good transport practice:


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  • The journey is properly planned and time is kept to a minimum and the animals are checked and their needs met during the journey
  • The vehicle and loading and unloading facilities are designed, constructed and maintained to avoid injury and suffering
  • Those handling animals are trained or competent in the task and do not use violence or any methods likely to cause unnecessary fear, injury or suffering.
  • Water, feed and rest are given to the animals as needed, and sufficient floor space and height is allowed.
  • The animals are fit to travel.

Welfare of Animals (Transport) England Order 2006

EU Legislation

Council Regulation (EC) No. 1/2005 (PDF, 60kb)

Council Regulation 1255/97 (PDF, 25kb)

Council Regulation 411/98 (PDF, 35kb)

The aim of the above legislation is to ensure a high minimum standard of welfare for all animals while they are transported.

These rules apply:
  • to the transport of all animals (except pets and non-commercial transport, animals travelling accompanied) by road, sea, air or rail;
  • from the moment animals are loaded on a vehicle, through to their care during transport, and unloading at their destination.
The Regulation also applies to those working at:
  • markets
  • assembly centres
  • slaughterhouses
The Regulation does not apply to the transport of animals:
  • where the transport is not in connection with an economic activity;
  • transport to or from veterinary practices or clinics under veterinary advice; where the animal is an individual animal accompanied by its owner (or other responsible person) and is fit for journey; or
  • where animals are pet animals accompanied by their owner on a private journey.
Export Welfare Licences

EXH12 – Export of horses and ponies from Great Britain – welfare arrangements: Guidance Notes for Exporters

EXH01 – Application for an export licence for horses over 147 cm (14.2 hands) in height including foals at the foot of dams

EXH3 – Application for veterinary examination of horses OVER 147 cms (14.2 hands) in height including foals at the foot of their dams

EXH02 – Application for an export licence for ponies (including horses) of 147 cms (14.2 hands) or less

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